老虎机网上娱乐

当前位置: 老虎机网上娱乐 > 责任与文化 >小料科普 | 多彩的人工晶体系列——非线性光学晶体

责任与文化

小料科普 | 多彩的人工晶体系列——非线性光学晶体

来源:老虎机网上娱乐 中材高新  发布时间: 2020-08-10

一支普通的激光笔,内部的激光器原本发出的是人眼看不见的红外线,但在穿过前端的一块米粒大小的晶体之后,立刻就变成了鲜艳的绿色!这个能改变激光颜色的神奇小东西,就是今天要介绍的非线性光学晶体。

什么是非线性光学晶体

    说起非线性光学晶体,就离不开激光,人们就会想起好莱坞的科幻电影《星球大战》中的激光剑。

8-10-10.jpg
《星球大战》电影中的激光武器剧照  

8-10-11.jpg
第一台红宝石激光器(左)和非线性光学首次试验(右)    

1960 NIAN,SHIJIESHANGDIYITAIHONGBAOSHI(Cr3+:Al2O3)JIGUANGQIDANSHENG。1961NIAN,FrankenDENGSHOUCIFAXIANJIGUANGTONGGUOSHIYINGJINGTISHIHUICHANSHENGBEIPINXIANXIANG,SUIHOUKEXUEJIAMENYOULUXUFAXIANJIGUANGZAITONGGUOMOUXIETEDINGJINGTISHIHUICHANSHENGBEIPIN、HEPIN、CHAPIN、HUNPINYUGUANGCANLIANGZHENDANGDENGGUANGXUEBIANPINXIANXIANG,ZHEIXIEJINGTIBEICHENGWEIFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTI。

FEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIDEBIANPIN,JIANDANDISHUOJIUSHIGAIBIANJIGUANGBOZHANG、QIZHONGZUICHANGYONGDEBIANPINSHISHISHUCHUJIGUANGDEPINLVSHISHURUJIGUANGDEBEISHUGUANXI。GAIBIANJIGUANGDEBOZHANG,DUILAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULERENDEYANJINGLAISHUO,JIUSHIGAIBIANLEJIGUANGDEYANSE。

8-10-12.jpg
非线性光学晶体激光变频过程示意图

非线性光学晶体的应用

FEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTISHIZHONGYAODEGUANGDIANXINXIGONGNENGCAILIAOZHIYI,ZHONGLEIDUODABAIZHONG,QIFAZHANCHENGDUYUJIGUANGJISHUDEFAZHANMIQIEXIANGGUAN。JIGUANGGUANGYUANDEBOZHANGTUOZHANHENDACHENGDUSHANGYILAIYUFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIDEBIANPINNENGLI,SHIHUODEBUTONGBODUAN(BUTONGYANSE)JIGUANGDEWUZHIJICHUHEYUANTOU,ZAIJIGUANGCUNCHU、JIGUANGTONGXIN、JIGUANGYILIAO、BANDAOTIWEIJIAGONG、GUANGTONGXUN、JIGUANGJIAGONG、QUANXISHEYING、JIGUANGHEJUBIAN、JIGUANGWUQIDENGLINGYUYINGYONGGUANGFAN。

FEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIDEYINGYONGSHI“SHANGDELETINGTANG,XIADELECHUFANG”,YIJINGCHENGWEIRENLEIXIANDAISHENGHUODEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,JINGYANXUANKUDEWUTAIJIGUANG、WUCAIDUOMUDEJIGUANGYINLEPENQUAN、JIANGZUOHEZUOBAOGAOYONGDELVGUANGJIGUANGZHISHIBI......WUCHUBUZAI。

8-10-13.jpg
绿光激光指示笔(左)   激光舞台表演(右)

FEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIGENGSHIGAOXINJISHUHEXIANDAIJUNSHIJISHUZHONGBUKEQUESHAODEGUANJIANCAILIAO。JIGUANGWUQI、SHENGUANGGONGCHENGHEMEIGUOGUOJIADIANHUOZHUANGZHIDENGGAOJINGJIANZHUANGBEIZHONG,DOUYOUFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIDESHENYING。YOUQISHIZAISHOUKONGHEJUBIANZHONGDEYINGYONG,KDP(LINSUANERQINGJIA)LEIJINGTICHENGWEIMUQIANWEIYIKEYONGYUGUANXINGYUESHUHEJUBIANDEFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTI,BEILIKEQIANGZONGLICHENGWEI“GUOJIADEBAOBEI”。TONGSHIFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIYE“SHANGTIANRUDI”,RTP(LINSUANYANGTAIRU)DIANGUANGJINGTIYUQIJIANZUOWEIGUANJIANHEXINYUANQIJIANZAIMEIGUO“HAOQI”HAOHUOXINGTANCECHEYIJILIGOYINLIBOTANCEXITONGZHONGHUODEYINGYONG。

8-10-14.jpg
KDP晶体(左)神光工程靶室(中)美国国家点火装置(右)

8-10-15.jpg
火星探测车(左)    LIGO引力波探测系统(右)

人工晶体院非线性光学晶体

ZHONGGUOJIANCAIJITUANSUOSHUZHONGCAIRENGONGJINGTIYANJIUYUANCONGSHANGSHIJI80NIANDAICHUKAISHICONGSHIJIGUANGYUFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIDEYANZHI,SHIGUONEIZUIZAOYANFADEDANWEIZHIYI,ZAILAOYIBEIKEXUEJIAZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHISHENDEZHONGJIAOSHOU、GUOJIAJIZHUANJIAHUANGCHAOENJIAOSHOUDEDAILINGXIA,KN(NISUANJIA)、LBO(SANPENGSUANLI)、KTP(LINSUANYANGTAIJIA)FEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIQUDELEJUYOUGUOJILINGXIANSHUIPINGDEKAITUOXINGCHENGGUO,WEIWOGUOZAISHIJIERENGONGJINGTILINGYUZHANYOUYIXIZHIDIZUOCHULEGONGXIAN。QIZHONG,“NISUANJIAJINGTIDEYANZHI”HUO1988NIANGUOJIAKEJIJINBUYIDENGJIANG;“DACHICUNGAOZHILIANGFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTISANPENGSUANLI(LBO)DESHENGZHANGJISHU”1991NIANHUOHUOGUOJIAKEJIJINBUYIDENGJIANG;“DINGBUZIJINGRONGJIFASHENGZHANGKTPJINGTIJISHU”HUO2001NIANDUBANGKEJICHUANGXINJIANG;“DACHICUNXINXINGDIANGUANGJINGTIKTPDEZHIBEIJISHU”HUO2002NIANGUOJIAKEJIJINBUERDENGJIANG。

SHENDEZHONGYUANSHIXIANHOUSHENGZHANGCHUKN、KTPDENGSHIDUOZHONGJINGTI,CHENGGONGDIJIEJUEKNJINGTISHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGDEFUSE、KAILIEYIJIJINGTIYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEDINGXIANG、JIHUADENGYIXILIENANTI,SHOUCIZAICHANTIEKNDANJINGSHANGSHIXIANLESHIWENZIBENGPUXIANGWEIGONGE。KTPJINGTIYOUSHANGGESHIJI70NIANDAIMEIGUODUBANGGONGSIYANFA,MEIGUOZHENGFUBAKTPJINGTIZUOWEIGAODUBAOMIDEGAOKEJICHANPIN,YIKUAI3×3×5mm3DEKTPJINGTIBEIPINQISHOUJIA2750MEIYUAN,ERQIEDUIWOGUOSHIXINGYANGEDEJISHUFENGSUOHEJINYUN。WEIJIZHONGGUORENZHENGQI,DAPOJINYUN,SHOUCIYONGGAIJINDEZHURONGJIFAYANZHICHENGGONGKEYONGYUSHIJIBEIPINDEDACHICUN、GAOGUANGXUEZHILIANGKTPDANJING,BUDANDAPOLEMEIGUODUIGAIJINGTIDELONGDUANHEDUIWOGUODEJINYUN,HOUJINGYUANGUOJIAKEWEITONGYIXIANGMEIGUODUBANGGONGSICHUSHOUDAZQIEMIANDEKTPJINGPIAN,WEICI1988NIANDUBANGGONGSIZIZHU9WANMEIYUANKAIZHANJINYIBUYANJIU,BUDANZHUANQULESHUBAIWANMEIYUANDEWAIHUI,ERQIEJIDADITIGAOLEWOGUOZAIGUOJIJINGTISHENGZHANGJIEDESHENGYU。

8-10-16.jpg

JINGTIYUANCHENGDANLEBAOKUOGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJINZHONGDIANXIANGMU、GUOJIAGAOJISHUCHANYEHUAXIANGMU、ZHONGGUANCUNYUANQUCHANYEFAZHANZHUANXIANGZIJINXIANGMU、BEIJINGSHIKEJIJIHUADENGYIDAPIZHONGYAOYANJIUKETITIGONGLEGUANJIANDEFEIXIANXINGJINGTIQIJIAN。

老虎机网上娱乐“XIONGGUANMANDAOZHENRUTIE,ERJINMAIBUCONGTOUYUE”。JINRUXINSHIDAI,JINGTIYUANFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIYUQIJIANYIMIANXIANGJIGUANGJISHU、LIANGZIXINXIKEXUEDENGLINGYUGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVEHEFUWUGAOKEJIFAZHANXUQIUYINGYONGWEIZHUXIAN,CHAODACHICUNCLBO(PENGSUANSELI)JINGTISHENGZHANGYUQIJIANYANZHISHUIPINGGUOJILINGXIAN,YINLINGFAZHAN,WEIGUOJIAZHONGDAGONGCHENG“SHENGUANGGONGCHENG”TIGONGQIJIANZHICHENG。RTP(LINSUANYANGTAIRU)DIANGUANGJINGTIYUQIJIANSHIXIANWURENJI、ZHISHENGJIDENGJIGUANGCEJUXITONGYINGYONG “JINKOUTIDAI“,BINGTUIJINGONGCHENGHUA、GUIMOHUA,GAIBIANLIANGZIXINXIGUANGXUEYONGGAOLIANGDUJIUCHANGUANGYUANYONGPPKTP(ZHOUQIJIHUALINSUANYANGTAIJIA)JINGTIQUANBUYILAIJINKOU,SHOUZHIYURENDEJUMIAN,BAOCHIHEFAZHANFEIXIANXINGGUANGXUEJINGTIYUQIJIANZAIGUONEIWAIZHIMINGDUHEYINGXIANGLI。

老虎机网上娱乐 LD体育 LD体育 LD体育 LD体育 LD体育 LD体育